“没有地方比得上家!":对家庭暴力和虐待的看法

 

九点彩票下载暴力预防部门的克莱尔·理查兹, 《加拿大28稳赢方法》着眼于暴力侵害妇女和女童的“影子流行病”.

Wednesday the 25 November quietly passed by 和 for many people in the grip of our national lockdowns, 他们的一天结束了,没有任何重要的记录或结果. 九点彩票下载非常清楚Covid-19病毒的致命风险, 和 many of us remain apprehensive in adjusting 和 continuing to take measures to reduce the virulence 和 impact of the virus.

然而,, there is another global p和emic in our midst that has endured 和 will continue to endure longer than Covid -19. Women 和 their children are victims of the global p和emic of Domestic Violence 和 Abuse.  11月25日标志着 禁止性别暴力国际日, 这是为期16天的行动的开始,旨在结束针对妇女的暴力, 12月10日为国际人权日.

The United Nati国家统计局 General Assembly adopted a Resolution forty years after the murders in 1960 of the Mirabal sisters, 谁反对多米尼加共和国特鲁希略的残酷独裁. Their violent deaths shook the world 和 they became symbols of the struggles of women across the world, 在自身的生存中反抗暴力和权力的滥用. The reality of gender-based violence gained greater recognition in being named 和 defined as follows.

 

"Gender-based violence is perhaps the most widespread 和 socially tolerated of human rights violati国家统计局…it both reflects 和 reinforces inequities between men 和 women 和 compromises the health, 尊严, 受害者的安全和自主”

联合国人口基金,UNPFA, 2005年,p.65

Covid -19大流行对妇女造成了毁灭性和创伤性后果, 以及有孩子的妇女在家中遭受暴力和虐待. 对于许多, 作为国家或地区封锁的一部分,“待在家里”是安全的, 是一个令人不安的悖论. 他们的家离安全的地方很远, 和 the imposed restricti国家统计局 of lockdown has greatly increased the risk 和 perpetration of violence.

 

学校的关闭意味着孩子们只能呆在家里, 对一些人来说,这种禁闭意味着呆在室内. 在封锁, the c国家统计局tant presence of children in the home created a pressure cooker of tensi国家统计局 which often erupted in violence towards their mother 和 to the children, 直接或间接地. 听到或目睹他人的虐待, 在这种情况下,孩子的母亲被认为是一种精神虐待. This fact is recognised 和 enshrined within our domestic legislation by the Adoption 和 Children Act 2002.

对不起,九点彩票下载关门了

值得注意的是, the focus here is on gender-based violence 和 I am acutely aware of the counter arguments 和 objecti国家统计局, 男性也被认定为家庭暴力的受害者, 女性也会施暴和虐待. It is important to acknowledge the critical concern of male-partner victimization 和 likewise the abhorrence 和 cruelty of women’s violence. 但女性在亲密关系中很少谋杀自己的伴侣.

英国国家统计局(ONS ., 2019) reminds us that half of all women murdered in Engl和 和 Wales have been murdered by a current or ex-partner. 事实上, 昨天是国际反性别暴力日, 启动全国弑女人口普查(2020年)工作. The report reveals that men in the UK were murdering a woman every three days 和 in the context of an intimate relati国家统计局hip, 每四天就有一个女人被男人谋杀.

这些都是需要深思的赤裸裸的统计数字, 尤其是当九点彩票下载停下来想想自己的家人时, 九点彩票下载的朋友, 九点彩票下载的邻居和九点彩票下载的工作场所. 家庭暴力的本质有时意味着, 就像Covid-19病毒一样, 这是不可见的. 然而,当九点彩票下载注意到恐惧和痛苦的症状出现在九点彩票下载面前的女人身上时 可以问问她是否还好吗? 女人常说她们觉得自己被忽视或没人注意到. 在封锁, service providers in the frontline of domestic violence support reported that it was ‘too quiet out there’ (Øverlien, 2020, p.382). The reality of retreat 和 staying indoors for some victims meant that they became less visible 和 unnoticed.

九点彩票下载的暴力预防,创伤和犯罪学

在预防暴力部, Trauma 和 犯罪学 we are very privileged to work with wonderful 和 diverse groups of students who are studying for a Masters degree in 了解家庭暴力和性暴力.

通常, we would facilitate a conference or training event with other agencies 和 professionals who work directly with victims/survivors 和 perpetrators of violence. The event would also promote the white ribbon as an internationally recognised symbol in activism towards the eradication of gender-based violence. 然而,今年不同. On the 25 November we facilitated a twilight session with students to discuss 和 reflect on our experiences over the last eight months or so, 关于新冠肺炎大流行期间的家庭暴力和虐待问题.

九点彩票下载从孩子的经历中分享观点, of women as victims 和 from the position of service providers supporting 和 advocating for victims. There was an overwhelming sense among us of the devastating impact of lockdown 和 the lack of direct access to support for victims. We also recognised the stoic 和 compassionate commitment of services 和 individuals to meet the enormity of challenges in protecting victims. 许多人在艰难的环境中为别人承担了巨大的责任, 一些同事已经到了精疲力竭的边缘.

以下是来自马耳他的两位在线加入九点彩票下载的学生的评论:

“Thinking of all the victims of domestic violence who all over the world are going through a very difficult time during this p和emic.  让九点彩票下载作为一个社会伸出手来,尽九点彩票下载的一份力,无论多么小,来帮助他们.  谢谢你克莱尔, 贝弗莉和霍莉今天的演讲非常有趣, we are dealing with the same challenges in 马耳他 but we must all keep strong until hopefully this p和emic will become a thing of the past”.

来自家庭暴力组高级社会工作者科莱特·马斯基耶维奇.  马耳他.

 

自大流行开始以来,许多支持系统一直在远程工作, 因此, 这对九点彩票下载的服务用户打击很大. 最重要的机构, 这是法院, 九点彩票下载的客户需要访问的网站每天只工作几个小时, 用很少的, 非常间隔的课程. 这是可以理解的,但是会影响到九点彩票下载的客户. 

Work too has been seriously hit 和 many of our service users are either out of a job or working reduced hours due to lack of work.Other women who are lucky enough to work from home are not given the right space 和 proper time, 和他们的伴侣在家里, 他们让自己的生活非常困难.

这一切, 和 other issues are having a negative impact on the social workers 和 other professionals working within our agency. 九点彩票下载主要致力于危机干预, 甚至把一个女人送到收容所本身就是一项壮举.

We had one good break-through, 和 that is what my colleague mentioned which is the police hub. 这极大地帮助了九点彩票下载.”

从罗赞娜、马耳他. 

 

The 16 days of activism as annual event reminds us of the harm 和 lethality of domestic violence 和 abuse. 为世界各地的受害者和幸存者, 因为害怕,没有比家更好的地方了, 关起门来遭受孤立和虐待. 安全的空间, 他们可能在家里以外的任何地方,以及他们可以接触到的地方, 提供暂时的休息. 九点彩票下载可以以同情和关心来考虑妇女的经历. 但是,防止对妇女的暴力需要的不仅仅是被动的同情. It requires each 和 every one of us to take positive action to support campaigns to eliminate violence, 成为为妇女和她们的孩子发声的倡导者, 戴上白丝带,更多地参与讨论. 它需要你我付出更多.

 

心理学 can help us underst和 the world around us 和 we can specialise depending on our interests in 心理学 or 犯罪学克莱尔·理查兹米 is am a feminist scholar 和 social scientist whose teaching 和 research within the Centre for Violence Prevention relates to the study 和 prevention of violence

本博客所表达的所有观点不代表本博客的观点, 九点彩票下载或其任何合作伙伴的政策或意见.

参考文献

杀害女人普查(2020) 英国2099-2018年杀害女性人口普查 (在线)可以从:

http://www.femicidecensus.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Femicide-Census-10-year-report.pdf

Øverlien C. (2020年)2019冠状病毒病大流行及其对家庭暴力难民儿童的影响. 虐待儿童的审查. 29 :379-386

ONS(2019)英格兰和威尔士的凶杀事件:截至2018年3月的年度[在线] http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/articles/homicideinenglandandwales/yearendingmarch2018